• C4: Mt. Kannon

Samani Coast Area

Geological Site


Mt. Kannon

Mt. Kannon

The observatory on Mt. Kannon affords views equally as exhilarating as those seen on Cape Enrumu. Immediately below the observatory is Samani Fishing Port. The oddly shaped rocks (more information can be found on information plaques within the geopark) dotted inside and outside the port are made of porphyrite - a type of igneous rock originating from cooled and solidified magma. These rocks stand in a row, which indicates that plate movement caused strong crustal compression in the direction in which the rocks stand, and that magma entered the cracks made in the same direction.

An Ainu chashi (fort) is believed to have been located on the top of Mt. Kannon, and legend tells of a battle between the Ainu of Samani and Ainu from elsewhere who positioned their troops at Cape Enrumu. The name Mt. Kannon is derived from the 33 stone statues of Kannon (known as the Buddhist deity of mercy, or Avalokitesvara-bodhisattva) enshrined by Junden Tsukada - the 13th head priest of Tojuin Temple.

Visitors to the geosite in April or May will find a flower garden-like environment where a succession of spring flowers bloom. These include dogtooth violets (Erythronium japonicum), Ezoengosaku (Corydalis ambigua) and Oobananoenreiso (Trillium camschatcense).